Fleas and ticks in dogs. Everything you need to know

Fleas and ticks in dogs. Everything you need to know

Fleas and ticks inevitably jump to their skin, especially if they have contact with other animals or play in field areas. Today we want you to know the best way to remove fleas and ticks from the dog.

Both the flea and tick are external parasites that like to colonize and live among the hair of dogs and cats, apart from other mammals. They latch onto the skin and feed on the blood, causing health problems, from wounds, infections to anemia and disease.

In addition to being parasites that are not liked, they can pass to people in a straightforward and fast way, especially in the case of fleas, causing bites or transmission of diseases.


Ticks are arachnids from the same family of spiders. They do not fly or jump but are hooked to the animal’s hair by contact. They grow while sucking our dog’s blood, thus increasing in size and even becoming as large as a bean.


Fleas are smaller in size, and it isn’t easy to see them with the naked eye since they jump great distances and are very agile. They multiply faster, and not eliminating them in time can infect other animals in the house or leave eggs in areas such as sofas and carpets, leading to a problematic and complicated elimination.

How do we detect these parasites?
In the case of fleas, an interesting clue will be the itching; these moves run around the dog, causing the dog an exaggerated itch. If we see that it scratches excessively, we can think that this is the reason.

In addition, if we lift our hair to try to look for them, we can find black dotted that can be compatible with these feces. We can look for them in areas such as the face, armpits, lumbar, and tail, where they are most frequently found.

While ticks can be observed macroscopically hooked to our dog’s skin, they prefer hot areas such as the armpits, ears, or tail area.

How to prevent fleas or ticks from catching?

This parasite responds very well to medications such as pipettes or tablets to eliminate them, but the ideal is always to prevent them from being caught with specific tools. Even if they detect fleas or ticks and eliminate them, they can transmit life-threatening diseases.

The following products can be used as prevention:

  • Antiparasitic collars, which last 4, 6, or 8 months depending on the brand, act by rubbing against the neck, so they can not be removed and must have it on continuously. You can bathe with them without any problem.
  • Antiparasitic pipettes usually last 4 or 5 weeks, depending on the product. They are applied in the neck area, and we should not bathe our dog either 48 hours before or 48 hours after their application.
  • Chewable tablets: There are several brands, which last from 5 weeks to 3 months. They are perfect for animals that go a lot to the countryside and parks. If the flea or tick gets hooked, it dies by ingesting the blood with the drug. They are increasingly successful both in preventing and eliminating them.
    • These prevention methods also serve if our dog has lice, worms, Ascaris…

How can we eliminate them if they already have any of these parasites?

If we see that our dog has fleas or ticks, we must control the cycle as soon as possible and think that, although we eliminate them, especially in the case of fleas, eggs or pupae of the flea can remain in furniture such as carpets or sofas.

We must then use something long-term so as not to have re-infestations. It is best to use a monthly pipette, always remembering to repeat it a month, to avoid that, if an egg remains on a carpet when a flea is made, and the dog gets on, it dies. We can also use monthly or quarterly tablets as a method of elimination.

Collars serve as prevention, and it is not an excellent method to eliminate them.

When should we go to the veterinarian?

We must think that a tick or an isolated flea can be controllable if our dog does not have symptoms.

Sometimes a single parasite can cause in the dog symptoms of ectoparasite transmission. We must then go to our veterinarian and more if we have detected fleas or ticks. These symptoms are:

  • Anorexia (stop eating)
  • Apathy and decay
  • Vomiting
  • Color of the mucous membranes light pink or pale